The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a national charitable non-governmental organization with over 3000 local offices. The ACS exists in hopes of "preventing cancer, saving lives, and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service".
What Are the American Cancer Society's guidelines regarding prostate cancer screening?
The American Cancer Society recommends that men with an average risk of prostate cancer should be offered prostate cancer screening tests -- the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test and the digital rectal exam (DRE) -- beginning at age 50.
The ACS does rot recommend that all men with average risk of prostate cancer automatically get these tests, but rather that men are offered these tests by their physician starting at age 50 and then yearly thereafter. The ACS recommends that doctors discuss the pros and cons of prostate cancer screening with their patients who then choose whether to go ahead with the screening tests or not.
For men with a higher than average risk of prostate cancer, the ACS recommends discussing screening starting age 45. This includes African-American men and men with at least one first-degree relative with prostate cancer that was diagnosed before age 65. (First-degree relatives include fathers, brothers, and sons).
For men with markedly higher risk of prostate cancer, the ACS recommends discussing screening starting at age 40. Men with markedly increased risk are those with several first-degree relatives who were diagnosed with prostate cancer early in life.
American Cancer Society Website - Accessed January 18, 2010.